What are the different designs of CPU coolers?

CPU coolers can be constructed in different ways. A basic distinction is made between air and water coolers. There are radial and tower coolers for the air coolers. In the case of radial coolers, the heat sink sits directly on the processor, in the case of tower coolers the heat sink and base plate are connected to one another via so-called heat pipes. Inside is an extremely fast-boiling liquid that maximizes the speed of heat transfer within the pipe. In addition to the air coolers, there are also liquid-cooled coolers. In these, the heat generated by the components is pumped by means of a pump over water into a heat exchanger, which is cooled by fans. In the field of water cooling, a distinction is made between closed systems - so-called "AIO coolers" and complex "custom liquid cooling".
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